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Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I'm rather new to MS Build and have been reviewing many of the built in target files that ship with Visual Studio. I have seen variables passed a few different ways and am not quite sure of the differences between these:. It's also used to do batching. BatchNum : Allows you to reference batched ItemGroup values using metadata. This is a bit more complicated, so definitely review the documentation for more info.

Take a look at each link for more detailed info on how these are used. Good luck -- hope this helps! Learn more. Asked 9 years, 11 months ago. Active 1 year, 4 months ago. Viewed 8k times. Wallace Breza Wallace Breza 4, 24 24 silver badges 33 33 bronze badges.

Active Oldest Votes. Julien Hoarau Julien Hoarau Indolent Coder Indolent Coder 3 3 silver badges 5 5 bronze badges. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name. Email Required, but never shown. The Overflow Blog. Featured on Meta. Community and Moderator guidelines for escalating issues via new response….

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Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I need to know how to determine the current project's csproj name, and thought it might be useful to know what else I can find out in MSBuild.

This seems like a pretty thorough list: Common macros for MSBuild commands and properties. These are the variables I was looking for when I came across this article, so I thought I'd pass the link along when I finally found them.

Learn more. Asked 10 years, 7 months ago. Active 8 months ago. Viewed 78k times. How can I get a list of built-in MSBuild variables? Filip Skakun 31k 6 6 gold badges 68 68 silver badges 94 94 bronze badges. Khanzor Khanzor 4, 2 2 gold badges 22 22 silver badges 39 39 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes.

Ian Kemp I would also include docs. Those properties are quite useful when migrating to the new csproj format. This is a link to the list of macros mentioned in the later question. I believe these are properties set by VS, so note that if building from command line - these values won't be set.

Peter Mortensen JonathonW JonathonW 6 6 silver badges 17 17 bronze badges. Also, the properties depend on which version of MSBuild you are using. There are 3 versions.

msbuild variables

SoftwareCarpenter SoftwareCarpenter 3, 3 3 gold badges 20 20 silver badges 34 34 bronze badges. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google.The following table lists frequently used properties that are defined in the Visual Studio project files or included in. Project files in Visual Studio. Projects typically import one or more. For more information, see MSBuild. You may also leave feedback directly on GitHub.

msbuild variables

Skip to main content. Exit focus mode. List of common properties and parameters Property or parameter name Description AdditionalLibPaths Specifies additional folders in which compilers should look for reference assemblies. AddModules Causes the compiler to make all type information from the specified files available to the project you are compiling. This property overrides the current version of AL. ApplicationIcon The. Applies only to Visual Studio projects targeting Windows Vista.

In most cases, the manifest is embedded. However, if you use Registration Free COM or ClickOnce deployment, then the manifest can be an external file that is installed together with your application assemblies.

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For more information, see the NoWin32Manifest property in this topic. AssemblyOriginatorKeyFile Specifies the file that's used to sign the assembly. AssemblySearchPaths A list of locations to search during build-time reference assembly resolution. The order in which paths appear in this list is meaningful because paths listed earlier takes precedence over later entries. AssemblyName The name of the final output assembly after the project is built.

BaseAddress Specifies the base address of the main output assembly.

msbuild variables

BaseIntermediateOutputPath The top-level folder where all configuration-specific intermediate output folders are created. The default value is truewhich means that projects will be built in parallel if the system has multiple cores or processors.

Automatically set to false if you are building your project in the Visual Studio integrated development environment IDEtrue if otherwise. CleanFile The name of the file that will be used as the "clean cache. The file is put in the intermediate output path by the build process.

Common MSBuild project properties

This property specifies only file names that do not have path information. CodePage Specifies the code page to use for all source-code files in the compilation. CompilerResponseFile An optional response file that can be passed to the compiler tasks. Configuration The configuration that you are building, either "Debug" or "Release.

CustomBeforeMicrosoftCommonTargets The name of a project file or targets file that is to be imported automatically before the common targets import. DebugSymbols A boolean value that indicates whether symbols are generated by the build.

DebugType Defines the level of debug information that you want generated. Valid values are "full," "pdbonly," "portable", "embedded", and "none. DelaySign A boolean value that indicates whether you want to delay-sign the assembly rather than full-sign it. Deterministic A boolean value that indicates whether the compiler should produce identical assemblies for identical inputs.

DisabledWarnings Suppresses the specified warnings.MSBuild provides a set of predefined properties that store information about the project file and the MSBuild binaries. These properties are evaluated in the same manner as other MSBuild properties.

MSBuild uses the values in the following table to predefine reserved and well-known properties. Reserved properties cannot be overridden, but well-known properties can be overridden by using identically named environment properties, global properties, or properties that are declared in the project file. In addition to the above, names corresponding to MSBuild language elements cannot be used for user-defined properties, items, or item metadata:.

You may also leave feedback directly on GitHub. Skip to main content. Exit focus mode. Reserved and well-known properties The following table describes the MSBuild predefined properties.

This property is useful if you have to refer to files in the MSBuild directory. Do not include the final backslash on this property. In the. NET Framework 3. This location is a useful place to put custom target files.

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For a bit machine, this path is blank. This setting is controlled by the -interactive command-line option. MSBuildLastTaskResult Reserved true if the previous task completed without any errors even if there were warningsor false if the previous task had errors.

Typically, when an error occurs in a task, the error is the last thing that happens in that project. This is the value that you specified for -maxcpucount on the command line. If you specified -maxcpucount without specifying a value, then MSBuildNodeCount specifies the number of processors in the computer. For more information, see Command-line reference and Build multiple projects in parallel. Introduced in MSBuild Include the final backslash in the path.

Tip: You can specify a relative path in a targets file that's relative to the targets file and not relative to the original project file.

Do not include the final backslash in the path. This property cannot be overridden. Note: An MSBuild Toolset consists of tasks, targets, and tools that are used to build an application. The tools include compilers such as csc. Yes No. Any additional feedback? Skip Submit. Send feedback about This product This page.

This page. Submit feedback. There are no open issues. View on GitHub. Is this page helpful? Introduced in the. The maximum number of concurrent processes that are used when building. The complete list of targets that are specified in the DefaultTargets attribute of the Project element.When you build projects, it is often necessary to set build options using information that is not in the project file or the files that comprise your project.

This information is typically stored in environment variables. If the project file contains an explicit definition of a property that has the same name as an environment variable, the property in the project file overrides the value of the environment variable. Reference the environment variable the same way you would a variable declared in your project file.

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You can use a Condition attribute to provide a default value for a property if the environment variable was not set. Use a Condition attribute on a property to set the value only if the property has no value. You may also leave feedback directly on GitHub. Skip to main content.

Microsoft Build 2019 Keynote in under 14 minutes

Exit focus mode. Reference environment variables All environment variables are available to the Microsoft Build Engine MSBuild project file as properties. Note If the project file contains an explicit definition of a property that has the same name as an environment variable, the property in the project file overrides the value of the environment variable. Is this page helpful? Yes No. Any additional feedback? Skip Submit. Send feedback about This product This page.

This page. Submit feedback. There are no open issues. View on GitHub.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time.

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Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. If you need to find values for variables other than those standard VS macros, you could do that easily using Process Explorer. Ok, I finally wanted to have a pretty complete, searchable list of those variables for reference. Probably not all macros are defined for others e.

MSBuild: a simple way to find out all properties and their values while building a csproj file

Nikita's answer is nice for the macros that Visual Studio sets up in its environment, but this is far from comprehensive. Environment variables become MSBuild macros, but not vis-a-versa. See other answers for location. Post the code below into the "Pre-build event command line", then build that project. After the build starts, you will have a "macros. I based the list entirely on the list contained within ojdo's answer.

I have no idea if it is comprehensive, but it's a good start! Anybody working on legacy software using Visual Studio 6. In relative path dot represents the current directory and. Give a relative path to the file that need to be processed. To add to the other answers, note that property sheets can be configured for the project, creating custom project-specific parameters. You can also find them in the source folder as. Learn more. Asked 10 years, 11 months ago. Active 1 month ago.

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msbuild variables

Is there a link to all of these variables with a definition for each one of them? Active Oldest Votes. Pedro Pedro Note that you may have to change the selection of the version. Now if only there were a way to access these programmatically in our code in my case C.

Chiramisu If you were to create a custom msbuild task you should be able to use those variables. Thank's a lot, I was looking for the item properties. All these links are now obsolete: " Web Site not found.Properties are name-value pairs that can be used to configure builds. Properties are useful for passing values to tasks, evaluating conditions, and storing values that will be referenced throughout the project file.

Properties are declared by creating an element that has the name of the property as a child of a PropertyGroup element. Property values can be changed by redefining the property.

MSBuild reserved and well-known properties

Properties are evaluated in the order in which they appear in the project file. The new value for BuildDir must be declared after the old value is assigned. MSBuild reserves some property names to store information about the project file and the MSBuild binaries.

For more information, see How to: Reference the name or location of the project file and MSBuild reserved and well-known properties. You can reference environment variables in project files just as you reference reserved properties.

If the project contains a property definition that has the same name as an environment property, the property in the project overrides the value of the environment variable.

Each MSBuild project has an isolated environment block: it only sees reads and writes to its own block. MSBuild only reads environment variables when it initializes the property collection, before the project file is evaluated or built.

After that, environment properties are static, that is, each spawned tool starts with the same names and values. To get the current value of environment variables from within a spawned tool, use the Property functions System.

The preferred method, however, is to use the task parameter EnvironmentVariables. Environment properties set in this string array can be passed to the spawned tool without affecting the system environment variables. Not all environment variables are read in to become initial properties.

Any environment variable whose name is not a valid MSBuild property name, such as "", is ignored. For more information, see How to: Use environment variables in a build. This registry value can be used to initialize a build property. For example, to create a build property that represents the Visual Studio web browser home page, use this code:.

MSBuild lets you set properties on the command line by using the -property or -p switch. These global property values override property values that are set in the project file. This includes environment properties, but does not include reserved properties, which cannot be changed.

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Global properties can also be set or modified for child projects in a multi-project build by using the Properties attribute of the MSBuild task.